found an oak leaf covered in galls this morning when i took zane out to do the rounds. never seen one with so many galls. they're caused by a tiny wasp stinging the leaf to lay an egg. the leaf makes the gall to protect itself, walling up the wasp larva. i've seen different forms of leaf galls---these are some of the neatest.
got the tri-fold gate put up at one end of the garden near the front door of the house.